October 29th, 2004, 15:30
Theo writes ...

"To ease the load on our FTP mirrors, I am happy to announce that we
are opening up the release before the weekend rather than after it.


- OpenBSD 3.6 RELEASED -------------------------------------------------

Oct 29, 2004.

We are pleased to announce the official release of OpenBSD 3.6.
This is our 16th release on CD-ROM (and 17th via FTP). We remain
proud of OpenBSD's record of eight years with only a single remote
hole in the default install. As in our previous releases, 3.6
provides significant improvements, including new features, in nearly
all areas of the system:

- New platform:
o OpenBSD/luna88k
Expanding the mvme88k porting effort by supporting Omron's
line of 88100-based workstations.

- SMP support on OpenBSD/i386 and OpenBSD/amd64 platforms.

- New functionality:
o A cleaned up DHCP server and client implementation,
now featuring privilege separation and safe defaults.
o A new NTP daemon written from scratch, which ought to fit
the needs of most NTP users.
o pfctl(8) now provides a rules optimizer to help improve
filtering speed.
o The packet filter, pf(4), now supports nested anchors.
o tcpdrop(8), a command to drop TCP connections.
o The NMBCLUSTERS option has been eliminated, replaced by a
sysctl with higher default values on many platforms.
o Added support for cksum (three flavours), md4, sha256, sha384
and sha512 to the md5(1) command.
o Memory file systems created by the mount_mfs(8) command
now can be populated immediately after creation.
o New hotplugd(8) daemon and hotplug(4) device that
watch for newly attached devices.
o isakmpd(8) now supports NAT-traversal and Dead Peer Detection
(RFC 3706).
o strtonum(3), a simple, robust and therefore safe function
to convert strings to numbers, has been added.
o On the OpenBSD/sparc platform, StackGhost buffer overflow
exploit protection has been added.
o A generic IEEE 802.11 framework has been added.

- Improved hardware support, including:
o Sangoma T1 and E1 cards (san(4)).
o Jumbo frames now work reliably on em(4),
sk(4), and ti(4) adapters.
o USB 2.0 (ehci(4)) controllers.
o AIC79xx-based Ultra320 SCSI adapters, such as the Adaptec
29320 and 39320 (ahd(4)).
o The i386 and amd64 CD bootloader code no longer emulates a
floppy which improves the chances of booting on newer
o New re(4) driver for Realtek 8169/8169S/8110S PCI
Ethernet adapters.
o New atw(4) driver for ADMtek ADM8211 802.11b wireless
o New axe(4) driver for ASIX Electronics AX88172 USB
Ethernet adapters.
o New cdce(4) driver for Ethernet over USB bridges.
o New ichpcib(4) driver for Intel ICHx/ICHx-M LPC PCI-ISA
o New gscpcib(4) driver for National Semiconductor Geode
SC1100 PCI-ISA bridges.
o New iic(4) driver for Inter IC (I2C) master/slave buses.
o New lmtemp(4) driver for National Semiconductor LM75/LM77
temperature sensors.
o New gscsio(4) driver for National Semiconductor Geode
SC1100 Super I/O chips.
o New gpio(4) driver and accompanying gpioctl(8)
utility for supporting General Purpose Input/Output.
o New mediabay(4) macppc driver for the ATA33 HD controller
over removable CD.
o hw.setperf sysctl hooks for PowerNow in AMD K6 and K7

- New functionality for bgpd(8), the Border Gateway Protocol Daemon:
o Kernel memory management improvements now allow the full
global routing table to be kept in memory without customizing
or tuning.
o Support for adding received prefixes to a pf(4) table.
o Support for IPsec, both manually keyed and using IKE.
o Support for setting BGP communities (RFC1997) on incoming and
outbound UPDATES.
o Support for NOPEER community (RFC3765).
o Partial support for RFC2858 Multiprotocol Capabilities,
currently only IPv4-unicast is announced.
o Support for Route Reflection (RFC2796).
o Support for dynamic network announcements.
o Support for Route Refresh Capability (RFC2918).

- Improved NFS performance and reliability.

- Shared libraries and gcc 3.3.2 on the OpenBSD/hppa port.

- Privilege separation or revocation for the following programs:
o afsd(8)
o mopd(8)
o pppoe(8)
o rbootd(8)
o dhcrelay(8), dhclient(8), and dhcpd(8)

- Over 2700 ports, 2500 pre-built packages.

- Many improvements for security and reliability (look for the red
print in the complete changelog).

- As usual, many improvements in manual pages and other documentation.

- OpenSSH 3.9:
o sshd(8) now re-executes itself on accepting a new
connection. This security measure ensures that all
execute-time randomizations are reapplied for each connection
rather than once, for the master process' lifetime. This
includes mmap and malloc mappings, shared library addressing,
shared library mapping order, ProPolice and StackGhost
cookies on architectures that support such things.
o Selected environment variables can now be passed between the
client and the server.
o Session multiplexing: a single ssh connection can now carry
multiple login/command/file transfer sessions.

- This release of OpenBSD includes the following major components from
outside suppliers:
o XFree86 4.4.0 unencumbered (+ patches, and i386 contains
3.3.6 servers (+ patches) for chipsets not supported by 4.4).
o Gcc 2.95.3 (+ patches) and 3.3.2 (+ patches)
o Perl 5.8.5 (+ patches)
o Apache 1.3.29, mod_ssl 2.8.16, DSO support (+ patches)
o OpenSSL 0.9.7d (+ patches)
o Groff 1.15
o Sendmail 8.13.0, with libmilter
o Bind 9.2.3 (+ patches)
o Lynx 2.8.5rel.2 with HTTPS and IPv6 support (+ patches)
o Sudo 1.6.7p5
o Ncurses 5.2
o Latest KAME IPv6
o Heimdal 0.6rc1 (+ patches)
o Arla 0.35.7
o Binutils 2.14
o Gdb 6.1

If you'd like to see a list of what has changed between OpenBSD 3.5
and 3.6, look at

Even though the list is a summary of the most important changes
made to OpenBSD, it still is a very very long list.

- NEW EFFORTS FOR BETTER SUPPORT -------------------------------------

The OpenBSD community is putting significant effort into
pressuring wireless chipset vendors to release their chip firmware
binaries under a license which allows for drivers to be included in
free operating systems. This effort is very important to ensure that
future hardware you buy can be used without requiring a piece of
software you don't own. Some vendors have already responded very
positively to this activism, meaning their chips are now supportable
by all free operating systems.

Participation from the user community in this effort is very
important for it's success. Please get active! Visit the articles
starting at:

You should send professional, articulate e-mails to the
contacts at the companies in question telling them why this issue is
important to you. Tell them that their products must be supportable by
free operating systems for you to consider buying them, and that
non-free licenses for firmware binaries mean you will be looking for a
different product.

- SECURITY AND ERRATA --------------------------------------------------

We provide patches for known security threats and other important
issues discovered after each CD release. As usual, between the
creation of the OpenBSD 3.6 FTP/CD-ROM binaries and the actual 3.6
release date, our team found and fixed some new reliability problems
(note: most are minor and in subsystems that are not enabled by
default). Our continued research into security means we will find
new security problems -- and we always provide patches as soon as
possible. Therefore, we advise regular visits to

Security patch announcements are sent to the
mailing list. For information on OpenBSD mailing lists, please see:

- CD-ROM SALES ----------------------------------------------------------

OpenBSD 3.6 is also available on CD-ROM. The 3-CD set costs $45USD
(EUR 45) and is available via mail order and from a number of
contacts around the world. The set includes a colorful booklet
which carefully explains the installation of OpenBSD. A new set
of cute little stickers ais also included (sorry, but our FTP mirror
sites do not support STP, the Sticker Transfer Protocol). As an
added bonus, the second CD contains an exclusive audio track, a
song entitled "Pond-erosa Puff (live)". Lyrics for the song may
be found at:

Profits from CD sales are the primary income source for the OpenBSD
project -- in essence selling these CD-ROM units ensures that OpenBSD
will continue to make another release six months from now.

The OpenBSD 3.6 CD-ROMs are bootable on the following five platforms:

o i386
o amd64
o macppc
o sparc
o sparc64 (UltraSPARC)

(Other platforms must boot from floppy, network, or other method).

For more information on ordering CD-ROMs, see:

The above web page lists a number of places where OpenBSD CD-ROMs
can be purchased from. For our default mail order, go directly to:

or, for European orders:

All of our developers strongly urge you to buy a CD-ROM and support
our future efforts. Additionally, donations to the project are
highly appreciated, as described in more detail at:

- T-SHIRT SALES --------------------------------------------------------

The project continues to expand its funding base by selling t-shirts
and polo shirts. And our users like them too. We have a variety
of shirts available, with the new and old designs, from our web
ordering system at:

and for Europe:

The OpenBSD 3.6 t-shirts are available now. We also sell our older
shirts, as well as a selection of OpenSSH t-shirts.

- FTP INSTALLS ---------------------------------------------------------

If you choose not to buy an OpenBSD CD-ROM, OpenBSD can be easily
installed via FTP. Typically you need a single small piece of boot
media (e.g., a boot floppy) and then the rest of the files can be
installed from a number of locations, including directly off the
Internet. Follow this simple set of instructions to ensure that
you find all of the documentation you will need while performing
an install via FTP. With the CD-ROMs, the necessary documentation
is easier to find.

1) Read either of the following two files for a list of ftp
mirrors which provide OpenBSD, then choose one near you:

As of November 1, 2004, the following ftp sites have the 3.6 release: Alberta, Canada
(above is master site, please USE A MIRROR below) Austria Germany Netherlands Sweden Boulder, CO, USA Redwood City, CA, USA Lake in the Hills, IL,

Other mirrors will take a day or two to update.

2) Connect to that ftp mirror site and go into the directory
pub/OpenBSD/3.6/ which contains these files and directories.
This is a list of what you will see:

ANNOUNCEMENT alpha/ mac68k/ sparc64/
Changelogs/ amd64/ macppc/ src.tar.gz
HARDWARE cats/ mvme68k/ sys.tar.gz
PACKAGES ftplist mvme88k/ tools/
PORTS hp300/ packages/ vax/
README hppa/ ports.tar.gz
SIZES i386/ root.mail
XF4.tar.gz luna88k/ sparc/

It is quite likely that you will want at LEAST the following
files which apply to all the architectures OpenBSD supports.

HARDWARE - list of hardware we support
PORTS - description of our "ports" tree
PACKAGES - description of pre-compiled packages
root.mail - a copy of root's mail at initial login.
(This is really worthwhile reading).

3) Read the README file. It is short, and a quick read will make
sure you understand what else you need to fetch.

4) Next, go into the directory that applies to your architecture,
for example, i386. This is a list of what you will see:

CKSUM bsd.rd etc36.tgz misc36.tgz
INSTALL.i386 cd36.iso floppy36.fs pxeboot
INSTALL.linux cdboot floppyB36.fs xbase36.tgz
MD5 cdbr floppyC36.fs xetc36.tgz
base36.tgz cdemu36.iso game36.tgz xfont36.tgz
bsd cdrom36.fs index.txt xserv36.tgz comp36.tgz man36.tgz xshare36.tgz

If you are new to OpenBSD, fetch _at least_ the file INSTALL.i386
and the appropriate floppy*.fs or cd36.iso file. Consult the
INSTALL.i386 file if you don't know which of the floppy images
you need (or simply fetch all of them).

5) If you are an expert, follow the instructions in the file called
README; otherwise, use the more complete instructions in the
file called INSTALL.i386. INSTALL.i386 may tell you that you
need to fetch other files.

6) Just in case, take a peek at:

This is the page where we talk about the mistakes we made while
creating the 3.6 release, or the significant bugs we fixed
post-release which we think our users should have fixes for.
Patches and workarounds are clearly described there.

Note: If you end up needing to write a raw floppy using Windows,
you can use "fdimage.exe" located in the pub/OpenBSD/3.6/tools
directory to do so.

- XFree86 FOR MOST ARCHITECTURES ---------------------------------------

XFree86 has been integrated more closely into the system. This
release contains XFree86 4.pre4.0. Most of our architectures ship
with XFree86, including sparc, sparc64 and macppc. During installation,
you can install XFree86 quite easily. Be sure to try out xdm(1)
and see how we have customized it for OpenBSD.

On the i386 platform a few older X servers are included from XFree86
3.3.6. These can be used for cards that are not supported by XFree86
4.pre4.0 or where XFree86 4.3.0 support is buggy. Please read the
/usr/X11R6/README file for post-installation information.

- PORTS TREE -----------------------------------------------------------

The OpenBSD ports tree contains automated instructions for building
third party software. The software has been verified to build and
run on the various OpenBSD architectures. The 3.6 ports collection,
including many of the distribution files, is included on the 3-CD
set. Please see the PORTS file for more information.

Note: some of the most popular ports, e.g., the Apache web server
and several X applications, come standard with OpenBSD. Also, many
popular ports have been pre-compiled for those who do not desire
to build their own binaries (see BINARY PACKAGES, below).

- BINARY PACKAGES WE PROVIDE -------------------------------------------

A large number of binary packages is provided. Please see the PACKAGES
file ( for more details.

- SYSTEM SOURCE CODE ---------------------------------------------------

The CD-ROMs contain source code for all the subsystems explained
above, and the README (
file explains how to deal with these source files. For those who
are doing an FTP install, the source code for all four subsystems
can be found in the pub/OpenBSD/3.6/ directory:

XF4.tar.gz ports.tar.gz src.tar.gz sys.tar.gz

- THANKS ---------------------------------------------------------------

OpenBSD 3.6 includes artwork and CD artistic layout by Ty Semaka,
who also arranged an audio track on the OpenBSD 3.6 CD set. Ports
tree and package building by Peter Valchev, Nikolay Sturm and
Christian Weisgerber. System builds by Theo de Raadt, Kenji Aoyama
and Miod Vallat. ISO-9660 filesystem layout by Theo de Raadt.

We would like to thank all of the people who sent in bug reports, bug
fixes, donation cheques, and hardware that we use. We would also like
to thank those who pre-ordered the 3.6 CD-ROM or bought our previous
CD-ROMs. Those who did not support us financially have still helped
us with our goal of improving the quality of the software.

Our developers are:

Aaron Campbell, Alex Feldman, Alexander Guy, Alexander Yurchenko,
Andreas Gunnarsson, Angelos D. Keromytis, Anil Madhavapeddy,
Artur Grabowski, Ben Lindstrom, Bjorn Sandell, Bob Beck,
Brad Smith, Brandon Creighton, Brian Caswell, Brian Somers,
Bruno Rohee, Camiel Dobbelaar, Can Erkin Acar, Cedric Berger,
Chad Loder, Chris Cappuccio, Christian Weisgerber, Claudio Jeker,
Constantine Sapuntzakis, Dale Rahn, Damien Couderc, Damien Miller,
Dan Harnett, Daniel Hartmeier, Darren Tucker, David B Terrell,
David Gwynne, David Krause, David Lebel, David Leonard,
Don Stewart, Dug Song, Eric Jackson, Federico G. Schwindt,
Greg Taleck, Grigoriy Orlov, Hakan Olsson, Hans Insulander,
Hans-Joerg Hoexer, Heikki Korpela, Henning Brauer, Henric Jungheim,
Hiroaki Etoh, Horacio Menezo Ganau, Hugh Graham, Ian Darwin,
Jakob Schlyter, Jan-Uwe Finck, Jared J. Yanovich, Jason Ish,
Jason McIntyre, Jason Peel, Jason Wright, Jean-Baptiste Marchand,
Jean-Francois Brousseau, Jean-Jacques Bernard-Gundol, Jim Rees,
Jolan Luff, Jose Nazario, Joshua Stein, Jun-ichiro itojun Hagino,
Kenji Aoyama, Kenjiro Cho, Kenneth R Westerback, Kevin Lo,
Kevin Steves, Kjell Wooding, Louis Bertrand, Magnus Holmberg,
Marc Espie, Marc Matteo, Marco Peereboom, Marco Pfatschbacher,
Marco S Hyman, Marcus Watts, Margarida Sequeira, Marius Eriksen,
Mark Grimes, Mark Kettenis, Markus Friedl, Mathieu Sauve-Frankel,
Mats O Jansson, Matt Behrens, Matt Smart, Matthew Jacob,
Matthieu Herrb, Michael Coulter, Michael Shalayeff,
Michael T. Stolarchuk, Mike Frantzen, Mike Pechkin, Miod Vallat,
Nathan Binkert, Nick Holland, Niels Provos, Niklas Hallqvist,
Nikolay Sturm, Nils Nordman, Oleg Safiullin, Otto Moerbeek,
Paul Janzen, Pedro Martelletto, Peter Galbavy, Peter Stromberg,
Peter Valchev, Philipp Buehler, Reinhard J. Sammer, Rich Cannings,
Robert Nagy, Ryan Thomas McBride, Saad Kadhi, Shell Hin-lik Hung,
Stephen Kirkham, Steve Murphree, Ted Unangst, Theo de Raadt,
Thierry Deval, Thomas Nordin, Thorsten Lockert, Tobias Weingartner,
Todd C. Miller, Todd T. Fries, Tom Cosgrove, Vincent Labrecque,
Wilbern Cobb, Wim Vandeputte, Xavier Santolaria."

October 29th, 2004, 17:27
o isakmpd(8) now supports NAT-traversal and Dead Peer Detection
(RFC 3706).

I'm really looking forward to this!