May 3rd, 2006, 13:39
In case anyone missed the release this week.

"May 1, 2006.

We are pleased to announce the official release of OpenBSD 3.9.
This is our 19th release on CD-ROM (and 18th via FTP). We remain
proud of OpenBSD's record of eight years with only a single remote
hole in the default install. As in our previous releases, 3.9
provides significant improvements, including new features, in nearly
all areas of the system:

- Improved hardware support, including:
o Some G5-based Apple Macintosh machines, including W^X support (currently
restricted to 32-bit mode).
o Many more audio drivers in the OpenBSD/macppc port.
o Support for many system sensors (temperature, voltage, fan speed) via
the following subsystems:
o Dell's Embedded Server Management (esm)
o Intelligent Platform Management Interface (ipmi)
o I2C/SMBus sensor subsystems found on most motherboards (iic)
o Touchpad on recent Apple laptops (tpms).
o nfe, a binary blob free driver for the NVIDIA nForce Ethernet interface.
o Opteron systems now have all their PCI buses detected.
o CardBus and PCMCIA support on OpenBSD/amd64.
o ixgb, Intel PRO/10GbE Ethernet.
o Support for new Intel i82571, i82572 and i82573 PCI Express based devices
in the em(4) driver.
o Support for new Broadcom BCM5714, BCM5715 and BCM5903M based devices in
the bge(4) driver.
o Support for new Ralink RT2501 and RT2600 based devices in ral.
o Support for ASIX AX88178 Gigabit and AX88772 10/100 based devices
in axe(4).
o Support for devices incorporating GCT RF transceivers in rtw.
o Zaurus remote control (zrc) support.
o Initial Sound Blaster Audigy support in the emu(4) driver.
o The Level 1 LXT1001 Gigabit driver has been fixed and now works (lge(4)).
o More HP Smart ARRAY controllers recognized by the ciss(4) driver.
o Support the Intel i915 AGP.
o Support for both older and newer IDE and SATA controllers in the
pciide(4) driver, including:
o ATI's IXP 200/300/400 IDE controllers
o Broadcom's ServerWorks HT-1000 IDE controller
o a few older Intel PIIX IDE controllers
o Broadcom's ServerWorks K2 and HT-1000 SATA controllers
o VIA's VT6410 and VT8251 SATA controllers
o some newer NVIDIA SATA controllers
o Added IBSS support to the iwi(4) driver.
o Added bus_dma support to the de(4) and san(4) drivers.
o A lot of fixes and improvements to the uaudio(4) audio driver.
o Support for the SMC SMC91C1xx Ethernet chips in the sm(4) driver as well
as MII support.
o New adb(4) and framebuffer (macfb(4)) drivers on OpenBSD/mac68k, plus
switch to wscons(4).

- New tools:
o ftp-proxy(8) has been rewritten, and a tftp version, tftp-proxy,
has been added.
o sdiff(1), a side-by-side file comparison tool, rewritten by us.
o getent(1), a tool to get entries from the administrative databases.

- New functionality:
o ancontrol functionality has been completely merged into ifconfig.
o apmd(8) can be used to increase or decrease CPU speed automatically,
depending on CPU usage and, if supported, battery status.
o nc(1) now supports HTTP Proxy authentication, making it very useful as
a ssh ProxyCommand.
o Userland ppp(8) has IPv6 support.
o A number of fixes and new functionality for trunk(4):
o New active/passive failover mode
o Fixed multicast support, for carp(4) and pfsync(4) over trunk
o Interface capabilities depending on the trunk ports, for
full-size vlan(4) MTUs.
o Improved functionality for ipsecctl(8).
o Added multicast routing to GENERIC. It is now possible to enable
multicast routing in the kernel with the
sysctl(8) option net.inet.ip.mforwarding=1.
o It is now possible to set a default vlan(4) priority via ifconfig(8).

- Assorted improvements and code cleanup:
o libpcap has been updated with most of's libpcap-0.9.4 API,
without the clutter.
o System libraries on most architectures are now compiled with debugging
symbols, which makes tools like gdb(1) much more useable.
o Header files have been rewritten to provide better C99 support.
o Linted versions of system libraries are now provided and lint(1) has
been substantially overhauled to produce less false positives and find
new classes of problems.
o The ieee80211(9) wireless framework has been cleaned up and changed to
use red-black tree(3)s instead of hash tables.
o The complete source tree has been audited for wrong usage of the
queue(3) macros and facilities have been added to detect misuse.
o The mg(1) editor now includes an editable minibuffer, vastly improved
undo, completion buffers, and many other emacs-like improvements.

- New functionality for hostapd(8), the Host Access Point Daemon:
o Support for multiple wireless interfaces and per-interface event rules.
o New rate keyword for event rules, a requirement for using hostapd
as a WIDS.
o Replaced hash tables with safer red-black tree(3)s.
o Improved multicast support and configuration options.
o Various bug fixes and improvements.

- OpenSSH 4.3:
o Generate protocol 2 RSA keys in ssh-keygen by default.
o Support for tunneling arbitrary network packets over a connection
between an OpenSSH client and server, as a true VPN.
o Many additional bug fixes, as described in the release announcement.

- OpenBGPD 3.9:
o Support for inbound and outbound soft reconfiguration.
o Added possibility to remove communities.
o Added new special community value "neighbor-as" which is expanded to
the remote-AS of the current neighbor.
o Support for a unprivileged bgpctl socket added, which can be used
for looking glass style applications.
o Even better IPv6 support.

- OpenOSPFD 3.9:
o Neighbor Finite State Machine has been greatly improved.
o Network redistribution has been reworked.
o CARP interfaces and their behaviour is now respected.
o LSA Retransmission has been greatly improved.
o Each area is now calculated individually when needed.
o OSPF packet reception performance has been improved.
o Neighbor uptimes are now displayed with "ospfctl show neighbor".
o RIB uptimes are now displayed with "ospfctl show rib".

- Over 3200 ports, 3000 pre-built packages, improved package tools
(updating packages from the previous release is now possible).

- As usual, many improvements in manual pages and other documentation.

- This release of OpenBSD includes the following major components from
outside suppliers:
o X.Org 6.9.0 (+ patches, and i386 contains XFree86 3.3.6 servers
(+ patches) for legacy chipsets not supported by X.Org)
o Gcc 2.95.3 (+ patches) and 3.3.5 (+ patches)
o Perl 5.8.6 (+ patches)
o Apache 1.3.29, mod_ssl 2.8.16, DSO support (+ patches)
o OpenSSL 0.9.7g (+ patches)
o Groff 1.15
o Sendmail 8.13.4, with libmilter
o Bind 9.3.1 (+ patches)
o Lynx 2.8.5rel.4 with HTTPS and IPv6 support (+ patches)
o Sudo 1.6.8p9
o Ncurses 5.2
o Latest KAME IPv6
o Heimdal 0.7 (+ patches)
o Arla 0.35.7
o Binutils 2.15 (+ patches)
o Gdb 6.3

If you'd like to see a list of what has changed between OpenBSD 3.8
and 3.9, look at

Even though the list is a summary of the most important changes
made to OpenBSD, it still is a very very long list.
We provide patches for known security threats and other important
issues discovered after each CD release. As usual, between the
creation of the OpenBSD 3.9 FTP/CD-ROM binaries and the actual 3.9
release date, our team found and fixed some new reliability problems
(note: most are minor and in subsystems that are not enabled by
default). Our continued research into security means we will find
new security problems -- and we always provide patches as soon as
possible. Therefore, we advise regular visits to

Security patch announcements are sent to the
mailing list. For information on OpenBSD mailing lists, please see:

We wish to draw special attention to the new sendmail errata that
missed our release cycle. By default sendmail does not answer remote
requests, but the patch supplied is worth applying.
OpenBSD 3.9 is also available on CD-ROM. The 3-CD set costs $45USD
(EUR 45) and is available via mail order and from a number of
contacts around the world. The set includes a colourful booklet
which carefully explains the installation of OpenBSD. A new set
of cute little stickers is also included (sorry, but our FTP mirror
sites do not support STP, the Sticker Transfer Protocol). As an
added bonus, the second CD contains an audio track, a song entitled
"Blob!". Lyrics (and an explanation) for the song may be found at:

Profits from CD sales are the primary income source for the OpenBSD
project -- in essence selling these CD-ROM units ensures that OpenBSD
will continue to make another release six months from now.

The OpenBSD 3.9 CD-ROMs are bootable on the following five platforms:

o i386
o amd64
o macppc
o sparc
o sparc64 (UltraSPARC)

(Other platforms must boot from floppy, network, or other method).

For more information on ordering CD-ROMs, see:

The above web page lists a number of places where OpenBSD CD-ROMs
can be purchased from. For our default mail order, go directly to:

or, for European orders:

All of our developers strongly urge you to buy a CD-ROM and support
our future efforts. Additionally, donations to the project are
highly appreciated, as described in more detail at:
The project continues to expand its funding base by selling t-shirts
and polo shirts. And our users like them too. We have a variety
of shirts available, with the new and old designs, from our web
ordering system at:

and for Europe:

The OpenBSD 3.9 t-shirts are available now. The new shirt for 3.9 is
an assertive statement regarding the increasing proliferation of vendor
supplied binary device drivers. We also sell our older shirts, as well
as a selection of OpenSSH t-shirts.
If you choose not to buy an OpenBSD CD-ROM, OpenBSD can be easily
installed via FTP. Typically you need a single small piece of boot
media (e.g., a boot floppy) and then the rest of the files can be
installed from a number of locations, including directly off the
Internet. Follow this simple set of instructions to ensure that
you find all of the documentation you will need while performing
an install via FTP. With the CD-ROMs, the necessary documentation
is easier to find.

1) Read either of the following two files for a list of ftp
mirrors which provide OpenBSD, then choose one near you:

As of May 1, 2006, the following ftp mirror sites have the 3.9 release: Austria Germany Netherlands Sweden New York City, NY, USA Boulder, CO, USA Redwood City, CA, USA Lake in the Hills, IL,

The release is also available at the master site: Alberta, Canada

However it is strongly suggested you use a mirror.

Other mirror sites may take a day or two to update.

2) Connect to that ftp mirror site and go into the directory
pub/OpenBSD/3.9/ which contains these files and directories.
This is a list of what you will see:

ANNOUNCEMENT alpha/ mac68k/ sparc/
Changelogs/ amd64/ macppc/ sparc64/
HARDWARE cats/ mvme68k/ src.tar.gz
PACKAGES ftplist mvme88k/ sys.tar.gz
PORTS hp300/ packages/ tools/
README hppa/ ports.tar.gz vax/
SIZES i386/ root.mail zaurus/
XF4.tar.gz luna88k/ sgi/

It is quite likely that you will want at LEAST the following
files which apply to all the architectures OpenBSD supports.

HARDWARE - list of hardware we support
PORTS - description of our "ports" tree
PACKAGES - description of pre-compiled packages
root.mail - a copy of root's mail at initial login.
(This is really worthwhile reading).

3) Read the README file. It is short, and a quick read will make
sure you understand what else you need to fetch.

4) Next, go into the directory that applies to your architecture,
for example, i386. This is a list of what you will see:

CKSUM bsd.rd etc39.tgz misc39.tgz
INSTALL.i396 cd39.iso floppy39.fs pxeboot
INSTALL.linux cdboot floppyB39.fs xbase39.tgz
MD5 cdbr floppyC39.fs xetc39.tgz
base39.tgz cdemu39.iso game39.tgz xfont39.tgz
bsd cdrom39.fs index.txt xserv39.tgz comp39.tgz man39.tgz xshare39.tgz

If you are new to OpenBSD, fetch _at least_ the file INSTALL.i386
and the appropriate floppy*.fs or cd39.iso file. Consult the
INSTALL.i386 file if you don't know which of the floppy images
you need (or simply fetch all of them).

5) If you are an expert, follow the instructions in the file called
README; otherwise, use the more complete instructions in the
file called INSTALL.i386. INSTALL.i386 may tell you that you
need to fetch other files.

6) Just in case, take a peek at:

This is the page where we talk about the mistakes we made while
creating the 3.9 release, or the significant bugs we fixed
post-release which we think our users should have fixes for.
Patches and workarounds are clearly described there.

Note: If you end up needing to write a raw floppy using Windows,
you can use "fdimage.exe" located in the pub/OpenBSD/3.9/tools
directory to do so.
X.Org has been integrated more closely into the system. This release
contains X.Org 6.9.0. Most of our architectures ship with X.Org, including
amd64, sparc, sparc64 and macppc. During installation, you can install
X.Org quite easily. Be sure to try out xdm(1) and see how we have
customized it for OpenBSD.

On the i386 platform a few older X servers are included from XFree86
3.3.6. These can be used for cards that are not supported by X.Org
or where X.Org support is buggy. Please read the /usr/X11R6/README file
for post-installation information.
The OpenBSD ports tree contains automated instructions for building
third party software. The software has been verified to build and
run on the various OpenBSD architectures. The 3.9 ports collection,
including many of the distribution files, is included on the 3-CD
set. Please see the PORTS file for more information.

Note: some of the most popular ports, e.g., the Apache web server
and several X applications, come standard with OpenBSD. Also, many
popular ports have been pre-compiled for those who do not desire
to build their own binaries (see BINARY PACKAGES, below).
A large number of binary packages are provided. Please see the PACKAGES
file ( for more details.
The CD-ROMs contain source code for all the subsystems explained
above, and the README (
file explains how to deal with these source files. For those who
are doing an FTP install, the source code for all four subsystems
can be found in the pub/OpenBSD/3.9/ directory:

XF4.tar.gz ports.tar.gz src.tar.gz sys.tar.gz
OpenBSD 3.9 includes artwork and CD artistic layout by Ty Semaka,
who also arranged an audio track on the OpenBSD 3.9 CD set. Ports
tree and package building by Peter Valchev, Nikolay Sturm and
Christian Weisgerber. System builds by Theo de Raadt and Kenji Aoyama.
X11 builds by Todd Fries. ISO-9660 filesystem layout by Theo de Raadt.

We would like to thank all of the people who sent in bug reports, bug
fixes, donation cheques, and hardware that we use. We would also like
to thank those who pre-ordered the 3.9 CD-ROM or bought our previous
CD-ROMs. Those who did not support us financially have still helped
us with our goal of improving the quality of the software.

Our developers are:

Aaron Campbell, Aleksander Piotrowski, Alex Feldman, Alexander Guy,
Alexander von Gernler, Alexander Yurchenko, Alexandre Anriot,
Andreas Gunnarsson, Angelos D. Keromytis, Anil Madhavapeddy,
Artur Grabowski, Ben Lindstrom, Bernd Ahlers, Bjorn Sandell,
Bob Beck, Brad Smith, Brandon Creighton, Brian Caswell,
Brian Somers, Bruno Rohee, Camiel Dobbelaar, Can Erkin Acar,
Cedric Berger, Chad Loder, Chris Cappuccio, Christian Weisgerber,
Christopher Pascoe, Claudio Jeker, Constantine Sapuntzakis,
Dale Rahn, Damien Bergamini, Damien Couderc, Damien Miller,
Dan Harnett, Daniel Hartmeier, Darren Tucker, David B Terrell,
David Gwynne, David Krause, David Lebel, David Leonard, Don Stewart,
Dug Song, Eric Jackson, Esben Norby, Federico G. Schwindt,
Fernando Gont, Greg Taleck, Grigoriy Orlov, Hakan Olsson,
Hans Insulander, Hans-Joerg Hoexer, Heikki Korpela, Henning Brauer,
Henric Jungheim, Hiroaki Etoh, Horacio Menezo Ganau, Hugh Graham,
Ian Darwin, Jacob Meuser, Jakob Schlyter, Jan-Uwe Finck,
Jared J. Yanovich, Jason Ish, Jason McIntyre, Jason Peel,
Jason Wright, Jean-Baptiste Marchand, Jean-Francois Brousseau,
Jean-Jacques Bernard-Gundol, Jim Rees, Joel Knight, Jolan Luff,
Jonathan Gray, Jordan Hargrave, Joris Vink, Jose Nazario,
Joshua Stein, Jun-ichiro itojun Hagino, Kenji Aoyama, Kenjiro Cho,
Kenneth R Westerback, Kevin Lo, Kevin Steves, Kjell Wooding,
Kurt Miller, Louis Bertrand, Magnus Holmberg, Marc Balmer,
Marc Espie, Marc Matteo, Marco Peereboom, Marco Pfatschbacher,
Marco S Hyman, Marcus Watts, Margarida Sequeira, Marius Eriksen,
Mark Grimes, Mark Kettenis, Markus Friedl, Martin Reindl,
Mathieu Sauve-Frankel, Mats O Jansson, Matt Behrens, Matt Smart,
Matthew Jacob, Matthieu Herrb, Michael Coulter, Michael Shalayeff,
Michael T. Stolarchuk, Mike Frantzen, Mike Pechkin, Miod Vallat,
Moritz Jodeit, Nathan Binkert, Niall O'Higgins, Nick Holland,
Niels Provos, Niklas Hallqvist, Nikolay Sturm, Nils Nordman,
Oleg Safiullin, Otto Moerbeek, Patrick Latifi, Paul Janzen,
Pedro Martelletto, Peter Galbavy, Peter Stromberg, Peter Valchev,
Philipp Buehler, Reinhard J. Sammer, Ray Lai, Reyk Floeter,
Rich Cannings, Robert Nagy, Ryan Thomas McBride, Saad Kadhi,
Shell Hin-lik Hung, Stephen Kirkham, Steve Murphree, Ted Unangst,
Theo de Raadt, Thierry Deval, Thomas Nordin, Thorsten Lockert,
Tobias Weingartner, Todd C. Miller, Todd T. Fries,
Tom Cosgrove, Uwe Stuehler, Vincent Labrecque, Wilbern Cobb,
Wim Vandeputte, Xavier Santolaria."